Can communities play a role in strengthening service delivery?

Does empowering citizens to engage in transparency and accountability activities have the potential to improve health, education, and other development outcomes? 

These are the questions we seek to answer with the Transparency for Development Project.


The Transparency for Development Project will generate rigorous and actionable evidence about whether, why, and in what contexts local transparency and accountability interventions improve development outcomes, leveraging a unique set of activities:

  • Co-design of a new transparency and accountability Intervention.  Building on existing evidence, research, and practitioner experience, we have worked with local civil society organization partners to design a new way for communities themselves to use information on service delivery problems and design and undertake social actions to hold those in power accountable for better outcomes.
  • Design and implementation of a mixed-method Evaluation.  We are leveraging quantitative (randomized controlled trial) and qualitative (including ethnography, observations, and key informant interviews) methods to answer whether transparency and accountability can improve outcomes, in what contexts, and using what mechanisms.


The Transparency for Development Project is currently in Phase 1 of this work, focusing on maternal and newborn health outcomes in 200 communities in Indonesia and Tanzania.  In early 2016, we will launch an overlapping Phase 2 (locations and sectors to be determined).

For a brief overview of the initiative, please refer to the T4D one-page brief: